Image Gradient
BOP Consulting Logo | HomeButton
Culture and creative industries
image gradient

Image Credit: Edwin Andrade

Download Project Report


Culture and creative industries

‘There are no votes in culture’ is a well-worn axiom in UK politics: and, judging by the party manifestos issued last week, it holds as true as ever.

Although all contain dutiful references to culture and creative industries (usually somewhere after page 50), to read them is to form an impression of a small, marginal set of activities, albeit ones we are rather good at. 

Most striking is how culture and creative industries are presented: in their own self-contained sections, separate from other major policy concerns. Now this is partly just the way in which manifestos are written. But it is also a sign of how little the culture and creative industries still actually figure in the political imagination. A manifesto for the UK which truly understood and embraced culture and creative industries would look rather different.

First, it would be underpinned by a simple core philosophy, such as the following from Robert Hewison:

‘Culture is a mutual creation that uses the resources of shared traditions and the collective imagination to generate a public good.’

Second, its structuring principles might not have to shadow the traditional spectrum of political thinking, but instead be led by concepts such as beauty, justice and progress:

  1. The experience of beauty is critical to our understanding of the potential of our capacities. It can also shed light on our failings: the self-inflicted ills and injuries which mar our common existence. From such understanding flows action and the capacity to change.

  2. As with material wealth, the opportunities to contribute to and benefit from culture are unevenly distributed at present. This is unjust, as well as a waste of human potential. Greater effort should be directed to redressing this state of affairs.

  3. All too often culture reinforces the status quo, serving the interests of a select few. But culture can be both an instrument of change, and help us to cope with change that is beyond our control. The institutions that foster and promote culture urgently need to change themselves – to adapt to the huge structural shifts that threaten to overtake them, and to open out to the society around them.

Finally, this creativity-and-culture-first approach has much to say about the more traditional silos of government thinking:


An increasing number of future jobs will come from the creative and cultural sector: highly skilled, well paid and fulfilling jobs, and ones that are relatively difficult to ‘lose’ to other places. This is a sector where there are currently untapped trade opportunities: there are huge export markets emerging across the world hungry for UK products and services. Future innovation, especially in information and communication based technologies, will be driven by consumers’ desire to interact with each other and to have life enriching experiences – in other words, culture.


Knowing who you are and where you come from engenders confidence and self-esteem. This is the start of a prosperous and fulfilled individual life. Understanding other cultures breeds tolerance and open-mindedness. This is the start of a cohesive and adaptable society. Engaging in creative learning enhances critical and problem-solving skills. Combining this with science, maths, technology and coding will produce the enquiring and agile minds of the future.


The only effective way to deal with climate change is to change attitudes and behaviours in relation to the environment. This is a cultural project; a collective re-imagining of how we use the earth’s finite resources.

Cities, Growth and Regeneration

Culture is an important organising principle for the future sustainable city: local distinctiveness, high quality design, civic expression and engagement, real jobs, dynamic businesses, resilience and adaptability.


Not just bricks and mortar, but affordable well designed homes in safe neighbourhoods, well served by cultural and recreational amenities so that people can live fulfilled and healthy lives – in cohesive communities. In our increasingly diverse society culture is the way we build tolerance and shared values.

Health and wellbeing

Engagement with culture and creative activity increases wellbeing at all stages of life. This decreases the chance of illness and disease, which in turn takes pressure off the health service. Engagement with culture can have remedial and palliative effects for certain physical and mental conditions.

International relations

Our future security in an increasingly complex and multi-polar world depends on building mutual trust and understanding. Culture or ‘soft power’ of brings about peace and prosperity though the transmission of ideas and values.

So to challenge the dictum we began with, perhaps if culture and creativity were positioned in this way, they would be vote-winners. And to take another common political axiom – ‘no-one ever reads manifestos’ - perhaps they would if they were more like this.

If there were votes in culture

What a manifesto that truly embraced culture and creative industries would look like

Apr 21, 2015

Green Cities helping climate change through culture and sustainability

Nov 4, 2021

How are major cities around the world responding to climate change through cultural policies and programmes?

The Green World Cities of Tomorrow: Culture and Sustainability

Paul Owens

Culture and the Climate Emergency

Apr 22, 2021

5 Priorities for World Cities in the post-covid recovery period

Culture and the Climate Emergency

Paul Owens

Culture and the Recovery: Levelling Up Culture?

Dec 4, 2020

Culture can play an important role in recovery and renewal across the UK, if the right local decision-making is put in place

Culture and the Recovery: Levelling Up Culture?

Callum Lee

Central London’s celebrated

Sep 23, 2020

This focused, coordinated set of measures can not only rescue the sector, but position it to lead the recovery

Central London’s celebrated cultural offer is in peril

Jonathan Todd

COVID-19: Government support packages for culture and creative industries #3

Aug 21, 2020

Three big questions as applications close for Arts Council England’s Cultural Recovery Fund

COVID-19: Government support packages for culture and creative industries #3

Paul Owens

COVID-19: Government support packages for culture and creative industries #2

Jul 30, 2020

The UK’s £1.57 billion recovery package: priorities for a New Deal

COVID-19: Government support packages for culture and creative industries #2

Paul Owens

COVID-19: Cities, Culture and the 3 ‘P’s: powers, partnerships, place

Jul 20, 2020

Cities are using their unique capabilities to lead recovery and renewal

COVID-19: Cities, Culture and the 3 ‘P’s: powers, partnerships, place

Paul Owens

COVID-19: Government support packages for culture and creative industries #1

Jul 7, 2020

Investing in recovery, planning for transformation

COVID-19: Government support packages for culture and creative industries #1

Paul Owens

COVID-19 is a triple blow to culture and the creative industries

Jun 30, 2020

Recovery and renewal will depend on how we address the three dimensions of the crisis

COVID-19 is a triple blow to culture and the creative industries

Paul Owens

Take planning and collaboration to whole a new level.

Jun 3, 2020

In the face of radical uncertainty leaders and policy-makers will have to take planning and collaboration to whole a new level

‘Plans are useless, planning is essential’

Paul Owens

Relief, Recovery and Renewal

May 13, 2020

Nobody knows what will happen next, but we have a good idea of the three necessary steps out of the crisis

Relief, Recovery and Renewal: navigating our way to a new kind of future

Paul Owens

The Golden Thread in the 2020s

Dec 20, 2019

A cause for optimism

Weaving the Golden Thread into the 2020s

Paul Owens

Related Articles

By BOP Consulting

Paul Owens

Co-Founder and Director

Paul is a leading international advisor and practitioner in cultural policy and creative economy. He is Co-Founder of BOP, and alongside his fellow directors he has pioneered now well-established methods to measure the impact of cultural policy. 

Paul Owens - Founder and Director | BOP Consulting

Planning a new project?

If you are interested to learn more about our work or if you have a project you would like to discuss, get in touch.

Paul Owens

Paul Owens

Co-Founder and Director