Image Gradient
BOP Consulting Logo | HomeButton
Edinburgh Festivals Impact Study
image gradient

Image credit: Aranxa Esteve

Edinburgh Festivals Impact Study

We conducted the largest programme of research ever undertaken into Edinburgh’s twelve major Festivals, and helped our client to reaffirm the city’s position as the world’s leading Festival City.

Jonathan Todd

Chief Economist

Jonathan is an economist with over a decade’s experience in impact assessment and evaluation, and high-level policy experience, particularly within the cultural and creative sectors.

Jonathan Todd - Chief Economist | BOP Consulting

Planning a new project?

If you are interested to learn more about our work or if you have a project you would like to discuss, get in touch.




Edinburgh International Festival


Projects Sectors

Edinburgh is the world's leading festival city, with a range of major annual festivals bringing talents from more than a third of the world's countries to its streets and stages.

Building on a culture of collaborative working the Directors of Edinburgh’s leading Festivals came together in 2007 to formally establish Festivals Edinburgh with a mission to maintain and develop the value of the Festivals’ and the Festival City’s position locally and globally.

BOP Consulting was commissioned to conduct an impact assessment of the twelve Festivals represented by Festivals Edinburgh.  It builds on the Edinburgh Festivals Economic Impact Study conducted by SQW in 2004/05, which assessed Edinburgh’s Festivals in terms of their collective economic impact. It also responds to some of the issues identified in the Thundering Hooves report in 2006, which looked at the competitive global position of Edinburgh’s Festivals.

The study shows that Edinburgh’s Festivals together provide an incredibly rich and varied cultural offer. 

While audiences in the UK and internationally may initially associate Edinburgh with larger Festivals like the Edinburgh International Festival, the Edinburgh Festival Fringe, or Royal Edinburgh Military Tattoo, it is the diversity and quality of experiences offered throughout the year-round Festival season that makes Edinburgh truly distinctive. Our research confirms that the Festivals together have positive impacts that span an enormous range of cultural, social and economic areas. This year has also seen the Festivals taking a leadership role by taking the first collective steps towards measuring the impact that they have on the environment.

The full report can be downloaded below.

We conducted the largest programme of research ever undertaken into Edinburgh’s twelve major Festivals, and helped our client to reaffirm the city’s position as the world’s leading Festival City.

Project Report

Edinburgh Festivals 2010 Impact Study – Final report

Building on our contribution to the second edition of the report in 2018, BOP has led as the Data and Research partner on this report to help find out how policies can protect people working in the creative and cultural sectors.

UNESCO's Re|Shaping Policies for Creativity Report – Addressing culture as a global public good


Our strategy will guide the creation of a new digital service aiming at supporting and developing the creative scene in Downtown Kingston.

Leveraging the creative potential of Downtown Kingston through technology

Inter-American Development Bank - IDB

Our research into the UK's high streets found that 69% of people think culture on their high street makes their area a better place to live.

Culture: The cornerstone of the UK’s high streets

Arts Council England

BOP’s updated Handbook for the Inter-American Development Bank sets out strategies for sustainability and urban resilience

Creative and Cultural Industries and Urban Revitalisation in the post-COVID era

Inter-American Development Bank - IDB

We investigated the potential impact of AI on the cultural and creative industries.

Opportunities and Challenges of AI for the Cultural and Creative Industries

European Commission

Published today: ‘Design for Good: 90 Years of the RSA Student Design Awards’, a new publication from the RSA, co-authored by BOP

A History of Bright Ideas: 90 Years of the RSA Student Design Awards

The Royal Society for Arts (RSA)

New skills research in the Gulf Co-operation Council States

An evidence-base for the growing Gulf festivals sector

British Council

Our research into the museum workforce is launched

Conscientiousness, optimism, and curiosity

Museums Galleries Scotland

BOP’s report for Nanjing City Government demonstrates the importance of cross-cutting policies with a compelling cultural offer at the core

Creating Healthy Night-time Economies in World Cities

Nanjing Creative Center

Findings from our work at Great Ormond Street Hospital

Creativity in health settings


How is China influencing the future of Cultural Tourism?

Cultural Infrastructure for the 21st Century

Chengdu Media Group

Based on our impact analysis we estimate $750 billion in lost GVA for the CCI as a result of the pandemic so far.

Economic impact of COVID-19 on the Cultural and Creative Industries


Our analysis of the strengths & challenges of music in the Midlands is published

Hitting the right notes in the Midlands

Arts Council England

New handbook published for city leaders

How can cities make space for culture?

World Cities Culture Forum (WCCF)

Our report sheds new light on how building the capacity of the heritage sector can assist working internationally

International working builds stronger heritage sector at home

National Lottery Heritage Fund

Our new report with Nesta published

Opportunities for China-UK Cooperation through Equity Crowdfunding


Our new research report for the National Trust

Protect urban heritage to prevent growth in inequality

National Trust

Our latest research for the Reading Agency shows we should read year-round

Reading is for life, not just for August

The Reading Agency

Our review of the Scottish Animation Sector, commissioned by Creative Scotland, has just been published

Review of the Scottish Animation Sector

Creative Scotland

UK-wide study of visitor experience practice provides new benchmarks for cultural and visitor attractions

Sharing Operations and Visitor Experience insight


Related Projects

Evaluation and Impact Assessment

Jonathan Todd - Chief Economist | BOP Consulting

Jonathan Todd

Chief Economist